But these are no longer normal times. Global warming means that water evaporates much faster out at sea. And, a warmer atmosphere can hold more moisture. So, monsoons risk bringing way too much rain. Researchers will need time to conduct attribution studies to understand exactly what happened this summer, but Steven Clemens, a professor of earth, environmental and planetary sciences at Brown University, said the months of deluge in Pakistan are “super consistent with what we expect in the future” as the planet heats up. This monsoon season, rainfall in Pakistan has been nearly three times the national average of the past 30 years, the country’s disaster agency said. In Sindh Province, which borders the Arabian Sea to the south, rainfall is nearly five times the average.
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